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Punjab Tourism

Punjab Tourism provides information about Hotels in Amritsar, Restaurants in Amritsar, Shopping Malls in Amritsar, Amusement Parks in Amritsar, Tourist Places in Amritsar, Tour operators in Amritsar and Car Rentals in Amritsar with complete details like Amenities, Pricing, Offers, Full Address, Contact Numbers, Distance Chart and Terms.


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History Punjab

Punjab, a region in Northern India, has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The region has been invaded and ruled by many different empires and races, including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, Afghans, and Mongols.

It was a region that formed parts of the Indus Valley civilization. The Aryans settled in this region in about 1500B.C. It was in about 900B.C that the battle of Kurukshetra mentioned in the Epic Mahabharata was believed to have taken place in Kurukshetra. During this period the region formed small principalities ruled by chieftains. In 326B.C Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Punjab. After this was the rule of Chandragupta Maurya that lasted till about 1st century A.D. By 318A.D the Gupta dynasty exercised their influence. They were followed by the Huns in about 500A.D. By 1000A.D the Muslims invaded Punjab led by Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1030A.D the Rajputs gained control of this territory. In about 1192A.D the Ghoris defeated the Chauhans and ruled till the establishment of the Mughal rule.

Around the time of the 15th Century, Guru Nanak Dev founded the Sikh religion, which quickly came to prominence in the region, and shortly afterwards, Maharaja Ranjit Singh reformed the Punjab into a secular and powerful state. The 19th Century saw the beginning of British rule, which led to the emergence of several heroic Punjabi freedom fighters. In 1947, at the end of British rule, the Punjab was split between Pakistan and India. In 1966 the Indian smaller half was further divided into three: Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.



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